Port of Rotterdam, Uniper, Shell, bp, Vopak and 13 other companies from the region commissioned a study by Fluor Corporation which concluded it is technically and economically feasible to safely convert ammonia into 1 million tonnes of hydrogen per year using a large-scale cracker.
A large part of the hydrogen needed in Northwest Europe will be imported, including in the form of ammonia, which today is easier to ship than hydrogen.
The study provides an inventory of available, proven technologies for converting (imported) ammonia into hydrogen. It also addresses the safety, space requirements, costs, logistical implications and expected emissions of a large-scale ammonia cracker and compares the use of one central cracker and storage location to setting up multiple, decentralised crackers or storage points.
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